Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC)

Screen Shot 2013-02-13 at 9.58.22 PMThe Parenting Sense of Competence scale measures parental competence on two dimensions: Satisfaction and Efficacy. It is a 16 item Likert-scale questionnaire (on a 6 point scale ranging from strongly agree [1] to strongly disagree [6]), with nine questions under Satisfaction and seven under Efficacy. Satisfaction section examines the parents’ anxiety, motivation and frustration, while the Efficacy section looks at the parents’ competence, capability levels, and problem-solving abilities in their parental role.




The scale can also be a 17-point scale, as seen here (although as a 16-point scale, the last question isn’t used).

Screen Shot 2014-03-17 at 9.01.47 PM



The scoring for the 17-point scale is found here.

Some citation references for this scale are:

Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18(2), 167-175. (who cite Gilbaud-Wallston & Wanderson, 1978).

Ohan, J. L., Leung, D. W., & Johnston, C. (2000). The Parenting Sense of Competence Scale: Evidence of a stable factor structure and validity. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des Sciences du comportement, 32(4), 251-261.

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About researchingparents

I am a parenting researcher, focusing on children and families. I have my master's degree and am earning my PhD through Uppsala University in Sweden, where I focus on parents, young children, health economics, child behavior, mental health issues, and family public policy issues. My previous research has been on similar topics: parenting, preschool aged children, education, father involvement, teacher retention, child health nurses, and the influence of environments on parental involvement. In my free time, I love to stay active by running, biking, and swimming (competing in triathlons), as well as anything outdoors that's active, like hiking, camping, canoeing, white water rafting, kayaking, and cyclocross. I also do a fair amount of traveling and enjoy meeting new people and learning about other cultures first hand.
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One Response to Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC)

  1. James Brown says:

    Hi Michael,
    I am also about to commence PhD Studies in parenting, so it would be great to keep in touch. I am a Psychologist, and Lecturer at the University of Southern Queensland, Australia.
    On a practical note, i am looking at different measures and am interested in the PSOC, which I notice you have commented on above. Can you point in the right direction as to where I can obtain a copy and the scoring key?

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